maps and graphs on its evolution in Spain and in the world

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maps and graphs on its evolution in Spain and in the world

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The vaccine against Covid-19: maps and graphics of the vaccination process in Spain and around the world

Data updated as of January 28, 2022

Humanity is facing the biggest vaccination campaign in history. The process of vaccination against Covid-19, which began in early December 2020 in the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia and China, is underway around the world and stands out in most of the richest countries.

In Spain, the vaccination campaign against COVID-19 started on December 27. Since the beginning of the process, injections for the elderly have been prioritized and as it has progressed, it has been extended to other age groups. eight months later, on August 31, the target had been reached that 70% of the population had the full guideline against the disease and the sera were already reaching virtually all age groups.

Although the Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca vaccines require two injections to have the full schedule and the Janssen vaccine only requires one injection, many Western countries have approved booster doses of the drugs to increase protection against infections and diseases. .

The following table shows the status of the vaccination process in Spain in each Autonomous Community. The percentage of the population with at least one dose of the vaccine, fully vaccinated and with a booster dose, and the total number of doses administered to date are indicated.

At the start of the pandemic, there was one main objective for all countries in the world: to flatten the curve of contagion. With the arrival of vaccines, the objective is to accelerate the vaccination curve to immunize millions of people in record time: a logistical and medical challenge never before met on a global scale.

Over the weeks it has been shown that the bottleneck of vaccination in Spain are the doses received. In addition, the number of injections increased again with the recall campaign for the over 40s and the extension of vaccinations to children aged 5 to 11 years. This is how the vaccination rate in Spain evolves, measured by the average number of daily doses administered in the last week.

The pace of vaccination has advanced at different speeds between the Autonomous Communities, since each can apply different strategies and protocols. For example, the territories that have more population to vaccinate in priority (residences, health and older territories) received more doses per inhabitant and were able to vaccinate a larger part of the population. Thus, as of August 31, communities such as the Balearic Islands, Catalonia or Madrid were below the first objective of 70% of the population with a complete guideline, while others such as Asturias or Galicia had exceeded it. weeks ago.

To know how the process is progressing and what proportion of the population is vaccinated in each region, the following graph shows the detail by community. Here you can see how many people received at least one dose, the full vaccine and the booster dose, and the percentage they represent of the total population to be vaccinated in each region.

How is the vaccination process evolving in your Autonomous Community? How many people have received at least one dose of vaccine? And the full pattern? Is there already a large part of the population with booster doses? In the following tabs, you can view all the details, region by region.

At the start of the process, the doses available for the most vulnerable population were prioritized: people residing in centers for the elderly, the population over 80, front-line healthcare personnel and dependent adults.

With the arrival of Janssen began vaccinating people aged 50 to 59 in May, and later it was gradually inoculated in the lower age groups, until it reached practically all age groups. , including minors. At the end of the year, vaccination was extended to children aged 5 to 11, the last to be vaccinated.

The following table shows the evolution of vaccination in each age group according to the percentage of the population having received at least one dose or the complete vaccination schedule.

Vaccines against COVID-19 do not eliminate the risk of contracting and transmitting the disease, but they do eliminate the risk of developing severe symptoms and mortality. Vaccination was clearly noted in the mortality figures. The 5th and 6th waves of the pandemic in Spain have left contagion figures that far exceed previous waves and, although there has been an increase in deaths, the mortality rate reached after the explosion in July does not is comparable to that of any other period of the epidemic in our country.

The following graph shows the curve of infections, hospitalizations and deaths for each age group compared to the maximum peak that was recorded during the third wave, between January and February 2021.

During the first months of the vaccination plan, the rate increased throughout Spain, but the speed at which the different regions carried out the injections varied, due to the different strategies of each community. In the following graph you can see the number of doses administered, per 100 inhabitants, each day in each community and the average for Spain. The curves show the average of the last week.

Millions of people in a small number of countries around the world have already received at least one dose of a Covid-19 vaccine. The campaign began in many countries in December with emergency authorizations, in some cases using experimental drugs, and accelerated in the following months with the authorizations of several vaccines in the European Union and the rest of the world. .

The following map shows the countries with the largest fully vaccinated population. Only figures from countries that have published data are shown, according to data collected by the Our World in Data portal.

The vaccination gap between rich and poor countries is beginning to show in the numbers. So far, the majority of doses administered worldwide are concentrated in the northern hemisphere. This table includes the percentage of people immunized in each country, a figure that may be different from the doses per 100 inhabitants since in many countries vaccines requiring two doses are administered and other countries have greatly accelerated the campaign of inoculation of reinforcing doses. This percentage cannot be calculated for countries that do not separately report the number of doses administered for each type of vaccine.

The difference in vaccination curves between countries is mainly due to the availability of doses, the capacity of the vaccination system and the acceptance by citizens. Although the size and population of each country must also be taken into account to make comparisons: it is not the same thing to vaccinate 8 million people who live concentrated in 22,000 square kilometers than to vaccinate 47 million people who live in 500,000 square kilometers of surface. To date, the Pfizer vaccine is the most widespread in Europe and the United States. In the UK, the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine is also given. Instead, China, India and Russia use their own drugs which are also distributed by Latin America.

The economic gap becomes more visible when the doses administered are grouped by region of the world. The vaccination process has barely begun in Latin America and Africa, compared to countries with the highest per capita income, which monopolized most of the doses purchased before the vaccines were approved.

The following graph shows in more detail what the gap in the vaccination process is between countries around the world, according to their income levels. The richer the countries, the more population they have with the complete vaccination schedule, and vice versa: the countries with the lowest incomes are those which have been able to vaccinate the least percentage of their population. Click on the bubbles to see details of vaccination in each country.