12/20/2021 at 09:38 CET
Which countries are most vulnerable to climate change and which will resist this global climate transformation best? Even though a glance at the world map can already predict where the shots will go, sometimes misleading conclusions can be drawn. For this reason, a study by the University of Notredame (France) allows us to know in more detail the consequences that global warming will have in each part of the globe.
Frozen landscapes slowly melt into an uninhabitable desert, as rising sea temperatures kill coral reefs and marine life. At the same time, extreme weather events are increasingly frequent, causing losses of millions of dollars to affected countries. For example, an episode like Hurricane Harvey in 2017 caused between $ 48 billion and $ 134 billion in damage.
To answer the question of which nations will be most affected, The University of Notre-Dame has compiled a lot of information to create the so-called ND-Gain Index.
The study obtained data from 181 countries on their vulnerability to climate change and their level of preparedness or adaptation cope, depending on factors such as medical care, food supply and political stability.
The amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the 181 countries analyzed each year was also taken into account to get an idea of each nation’s contribution to climate change. Data refer to 2019.
These parameters make it possible to compare the probability that each country has of successfully coping with changes in the global climate. with its responsibility for the phenomenon.
To which country to escape in the face of climate change?
The answer is Norway, thanks to its low vulnerability score and high level of preparedness. Their Nordic neighbors also performed well in the assessment, with Finland (3rd), Sweden (4th), Denmark (6th) and Iceland (8th) taking 5 of the top 10 places to survive.
The most immediate impression seems to be confirmed that we must all flee to the countries of northern Europe and the North Atlantic to live our last days in case our planet becomes uninhabitable.
Interestingly, the The UK and US were not in the top 10, ranking 12th and 15th respectively. The two countries were initially among the 10 countries most likely to survive climate change in the 2015 version of this map, but a general worsening of their vulnerability and readiness percentage subsequently pushed them down in the rankings.
Spain, far from extreme danger, but little prepared
In the case of Spain, it is ranked number 26In other words, in much worse conditions than the United Kingdom, or even France which, despite its proximity to us, ranks 16th.
Spain occupies this position in the ND-Gain index, both for its objective vulnerability to rising temperatures and for the measures adopted to prevent, mitigate and adapt to this phenomenon.
In terms of vulnerability, Spain occupies a comfortable eighth position, far from the most threatened countries. However, In the adaptation list, our country descends to a worrying position number 38, out of the 181 countries analyzed.
Even more striking is the position of China in the standings: 59th place. And is that in addition to being the major cause of global warming, by emitting a huge amount of 9,040 tons of CO₂ per year into the atmosphere, this nation is also quite sensitive in terms of the effects of global warming. .
This is largely due to the country’s population growth, which puts great strain on China’s natural resources and public services. Ironically, China’s vulnerability to climate change therefore means that it could reap what it sows.
Who are the biggest losers?
At the other end of the ranking, Not surprisingly, the world’s poorest and least developed nations are the least likely to survive climate change..
Sub-Saharan African countries rank in the top 10 for survival. Somalia, Chad, Eritrea, the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are among the poorest, due to their unstable governments, poor infrastructure, lack of medical care, and shortages of food and resources. ‘water.
These reports serve as clear reminder of the need for the richest and most powerful countries to support the world’s most vulnerable nations. Especially since many of the richer economies are the ones that contribute the most to climate change, but are less likely to be affected.
The same time, the impoverished countries, less responsible for the created world problem, are precisely those who suffer the most.
To put that into perspective, Eritrea emits only 0.01% of the total carbon dioxide the United States produces each year: just 0.6 tonnes of CO₂ compared to 4,997 tonnes for the North American country.
Full ranking: https://gain.nd.edu/our-work/country-index/rankings/
Reference article: https://ecoinventos.com/mapa-paises-mas-probabilidad-sobrevivir-cambio-climatico/